Numerical Study of Different Models for Turbulent Flow in 90° Pipe Bend

Main Article Content

Rilwan Kayode Apalowo


The investigation of the turbulence statistics for single-phase turbulent flow around  pipe bends have mainly been experimental. Considering the cost-effectiveness of the numerical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) compared to experimental measurement, this work aims to study the accuracies of different CFD models, and establish their functionality and limitations. This paper investigates the capabilities of different numerical turbulence models and spatial discretization schemes for CFD analysis of a  pipe bend. The pipe has a curvature radius which is seven times the inside diameter and a Reynolds number of 34132. The numerical modelling was developed on the commercial CFD software, ANSYS Fluent, evaluating the following viscous models:,, Spalart-Allmaras and Reynolds Stress Models. The streamwise velocities of the flow at cross-stream planes along the bend at 45º and 75º were computed for each of the turbulence models under different discretization schemes. The numerical results were compared against the existing experimental data for streamwise velocity, in order to investigate the accuracies of the different models. The results showed that the realizable K-E and Spalart-Allmaras models exhibited the best agreements with the experimental measurements, with respective average errors of 3.83% and 3.27% under the first-order spatial discretization scheme. It was also observed that the velocity profiles obtained through the  K-W models (Standard and BSL), Transition SST and Reynolds Stress models exhibited better correlation with the experimental velocity profiles within the velocity transition region.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biography

Rilwan Kayode Apalowo, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria

Mechanical Engineering Department

Federal University of Technology Akure