A Comparison of Safety Factor Values for Soderberg and DIN 743 Fatigue Analyses
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Fatigue phenomena are critical aspects of the life cycle of many components or structures. The variety of cyclic load situations led to the emergence, throughout the years, of different types of studies as high-cycle, low-cycle, and fatigue crack growth, among others. Particularly for machine elements, high-cycle fatigue situations are the more frequent, and simplified approaches taking into account the Soderberg criterion have been commonly used. Meanwhile, the German Institute for Standardization put forward a procedure for fatigue design of shafts, DIN 743, based on the use of Smith diagrams and considering separately the safety factor (SF) for static and for cyclic loads. The present paper compares Soderberg and DIN 743 approaches, focusing on SF obtained when load capacity is calculated considering equal correction factors in both methods. A set of representative situations was defined, and the comparison was carried out parametrically using Matlab software. The SF values of the Soderberg method were always found to be lower than those of DIN 743, indicating that the Soderberg method is more conservative than DIN 743.
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