Main Article Content
The amount of applications associated with microfluidic devices is increasing since the introduction of Lab-on-a-chip devices in the 1990s, especially regarding biomedical and clinical fields. However, in order for this technology to leave the fundamental research and become a day-life technology (e.g., as point-of-care testing), it needs to be disposable and reasonably less expensive. Polymers, due to their several advantages, such as easier microfabrication and low-cost, fill these needs. Several methods are reported regarding microfabrication and, thus, the main aim of the present work is to provide an overview of the most relevant microfabrication techniques found in literature employing polymers, clarifying also the main advantages and disadvantages of each technique and especially considering their cost and time-consumption. Moreover, a future outlook of low-cost microfabrication techniques and standard methods is provided.
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